HDD vs. SSD – What’s the Difference?

Introduction

With the invention of SSD (Solid-State Disk or Solid-State Drive), the entire storage area has a significant change in performance. The most frequently asked question is what’s the difference between the traditional HDD (Hard Disk Drive) and SSD? They are similar in the external physical specifications, but they store data mechanically in different ways. Knowledge of the HDD and SSD will help you to choose the right type of drive for your environment.

HDD Overview

A non-volatile storage device made up of a hard rotating disk that is coated with magnetic material. The read/write head changes the polarity of the magnetic surface of the disk, stores the digital data on the hard disk or reads them from the hard disk. If the read/write head is in direct contact with the disk, the magnetic material of the magnetic disk will be damaged and the data will be lost. Therefore, the conventional hard disk cannot resist vibration and impact. In terms of speed, the higher the data transfer rate is, the faster the data transfer rate is. However, relative to the noise, the power consumption and the heat output are higher.

SSD Overview

Data is stored on interconnected flash memory chips that retain the data even when there is no power present. In simple terms, the flash memory plus the control chip makes the SSD. SSDs have no rotating magnetic disk structure and therefore have better shock resistance. But its fatal disadvantage is that it has write limit. Each block of the flash memory has a certain number of writes. After the life reaches the upper limit, the flash memory cannot be written and read, thus causing data loss. However, users need not worry that the higher DWPD (Drive Writes Per Day) of SSD is selected, the longer life expectancy will be. It only costs more.

Advantages and Disadvantages

HDDs and SSDs can accomplish the same job. They can boot the system and store user’s files as usual. But these two have their own unique feature sets. What are the advantages and disadvantages between them and how is your choosing? The table below illustrates some of the differences.

 

HDD SSD
Speed Slower Faster
Cost per Unit Capacity Cheaper More Expensive
Power Consumption High Low
Vibration Resistance Poor Good
Noise Noisy Quiet
Durability Less Durable More Durable
Fragmentation Poor Good
Highest Capacity

in 2018 Market

14TB 15TB

 

As for form factors, HDDs rely on spinning platters. There is a limit to how small they can be manufactured. SSDs do not have this limitation, so they can continue to shrink as time goes on. Nowadays, SSD capacity is larger than HDD in the market.

HDDs win price and availability, but capacity is becoming more and more unfavorable. If speed, durability, form factor, noise, power, or fragmentation is very important to you, then SSDs work better. If the price is not the issue, SSDs will be the undisputed winners. Unfortunately, cost is always the issue.

SSHD Comes

SSHD (Solid-State Hybrid Drives) is a traditional hard disk with a small amount of solid-state storage built in, mostly as cache. The controller chip in the SSHD decides which data is stored on the SSD and what’s left on the HDD. It combines the advantages of two kinds of disk drives: the cost-effectiveness and large data capacity of HDDs, and the high-performance advantages of solid-state disks SSDs.

Conclusion

HDDs and SSDs have their pros and cons and you should be able to choose the right one to meet the requirements of each project respectively. Users always want fast and cheap. All flash array (installed all SSDs) is good but too expensive. QSAN offers eclectic approaches such as SSD cache and auto tiering technologies to balance the cost and performance. Purchasing few SSDs can still improve the overall system performance. Visit QSAN for more details to solve your hassles.

See Also: SAS vs. SATA Drives